Chronology

Chronology

1836--1850


Many extra ordinary things have happened
since the colony of South Australia was proclaimed on 19 February 1836.
This section will try to highlight some of them.

1836
19 February South Australia proclaimed by the King in England
First migrant ships, John Pirie and the Duke of York, left England in February.
First migrants landed at Kangaroo Island on 20 July.
First school opened at Kingscote on Kangaroo Island on 20 November.
Stuckey and Catchlove families arrived at Holdfast Bay on the Tam O'Shanter on 26 November.
Captain John Hindmarsh arrived at Holdfast Bay and read one of his first proclamations, on 28 December.
George Strickland Kingston arrived on the Cygnet.


1837
James Chambers reached Adelaide on the Coromandel.
Col Light completed survey of Adelaide.
First newspaper published.
Thomas Playford (Honest Tom) born.
Tenders called for the building of Adelaide Gaol.
South Australian Supreme Court established.
First school opened in Adelaide by Mrs Hillier.
Samuel Stuckey born on 21 March at Holdfast Bay.
Whaling started at Victor Harbor.
First grape vines planted along the Torrens River.
Hospital opened on North Terrace.
First German Lutherans arrived.
1838
First ballot for country sections held in May.
First race meeting held in Adelaide on 1 and 2 January.
William Baker Ashton appointed Sub Inspector of Police.
John Reynell started vineyard at Reynella.
Governor Hindmarsh recalled, replaced by Gawler.
First Afghans arrived in South Australia.
First stock overlanded from New South Wales.
Police Force established in South Australia. An Australian first!
John Chambers arrived in South Auistralia.
Wool exported for the first time.
1839
Edward John Eyre reaches Lake Eyre South.
Evelyn Sturt and Henry Osborne overland Cattle to South Australia.
Gawler laid out by Colonel William Light.
Light's and Fisher's houses destroyed by fire at Thebarton in January.
South Australian Agricultural Society formed.
Governor Gawler officially named The Flinders Ranges after Matthew Flinders.
Adelaide Chamber of Commerce established.
Col Light died at Thebarton on 6 October.
Aboriginal mission established at Encounter Bay.
First Protector of Aborigines appointed.
First road built in SA between Adelaide and Port Adelaide.
R.A. Fiveash and Alexander Hay arrived on the Planter.
1840
Edward John Eyre climbed Mount Deception, Mount Serle and Mount Hopeless.
First Camels imported on the Calcutta.
Election for the Municipal Corporation of the City of Adelaide, first local government election in Australia and first election in the world to use proportional representation principles.
Maria Massacre.
James Hurtle Fisher first Mayor of Adelaide.
McLaren Wharf, at Port Adelaide opened by Governor Gawler.
Lutheran missionaries, Teichelmann and Schurmann published the first language book of Aboriginal grammar and vocabulary spoken around Adelaide.
Robert Richard Chute Torrens appointed Collector of Customs at Port Adelaide.
Frederick May, manufacturer, born.
Slate discovered at Willunga.
1841
Stephen King born.
Population of South Australia on 1 January 15,485.
Governor Gawler recalled, replaced by Grey.
Edward John Eyre reached Western Australia.
Glen Osmond silver mines discovered.
Toll house built at Glen Osmond.
South Australian Savings Bank opened.
Assisted migration suspended due to economic depression.
1842
Edward John Eyre implements irrigation along the Murry River.
Copper discovered at Kapunda.
Registration of births, deaths and marriages commenced.
Georgios Tramountanas, South Australia's first Greek migrant arrived.
Mary
Mackillop born in Melbourne.
Legislative Council constituted.
Aboriginal Mission established at Port Lincoln.
About 250,000 sheep in South Australia.
Abraham Tobias Boas born, first Adelaide Rabbi.
1843
John Ridley constructed the Stripper.
Flour mill built at Hindmarsh.
First minerals exported from Glen Osmond.
John William Downer born in Adelaide on 6 July
William Ranson Mortlock arrived in South Australia.
1844
Charles Sturt named Cooper's Creek after the Chief Justice.
First Colonial census, population 17,366.
Pekina run established.
John William Downer born.
Aboriginal Mission established at Walkerville.
Adelaide Show held between North Terrace and Frome Bridge.
Population of Adelaide about 10,000.
1845
Copper discovered at Burra.
Gold discovered at Montacute.
Governor Grey replaced by Major F.H.Robe.
Assisted migration resumed.
Bangor slate quarry established.
1846
Town of Hoffnungsthal establised
Robert Moffatt born, died at the age of 60 at Farina.
First Pastoral lease granted.
Charles Rasp born in Germany.
Population on Kangaroo Island about 70.
First Hundreds proclaimed.
First use of camels made by John Horrocks
On 4 January St Mary's Catholic Church at Morphett Vale started.
Richard Edward Tapley established the first Mutual Insurance Company in South Australia.

1847
Fred Hayward stocked the Pekina run for Price Maurice.
First winery in Barossa Valley started.
St Peters College established.
Town of Robe proclaimed.
1848
First German language newspaper established in Australia, published in Adelaide by Karl Kronhardt.
Police Station opened at Mt Remarkable.
Savings Bank of South Australia opened.
First ferry across the River Murray started at Wellington.
John Parker Buttfield arrived in South Australia.
Schooner Yatala, built at Port Adelaide. Launched on 28 July.
Callington surveyed.
1849
William Morgan arrives in South Australia on 13 February.
Copper smelting started at Yatala by the Adelaide Smelting Works on 1 February.
August Helling born 20 May at Burra.
Central Board of Main Roads established.
Carl Linger settled at Munna Para.
1850
James Snell, born 1839, arrived at Port Adelaide.
Representative government granted to South Australia.
George Fife Angas migrated to SA.
Poonindie Mission started.
Bleasdale Winery founded by Frank Pots.
Fencing wire introduced.
David Shearer born.
Australia's first Synagogue completed on the corner of Rundle Street and Synagogue Place.
Charles Cameron Kingston, Lawyer, parliamentarian and federalist, born.
William Ranson Mortlock married Margaret Tennant

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